A self-consistent boundary element, parametric dislocation dynamics formulation of plastic flow in finite volumes

TitleA self-consistent boundary element, parametric dislocation dynamics formulation of plastic flow in finite volumes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsEl-Awady JA, Biner SB, Ghoniem NM
Journal TitleJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Volume56
Pages2019-2035
Date PublishedMay
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0022-5096
Accession NumberISI:000255805800016
Keywordsboundary integral equations, deformation, dependence, Dislocations, ELASTIC FIELD, HALF-SPACE, image field, mechanical-properties, MESOSCOPIC SCALE, microcrystals, simulation, single-crystals, size effects, strength, UNIAXIAL COMPRESSION
Abstract

We present a self-consistent formulation of 3-D parametric dislocation dynamics (PDD) with the boundary element method (BEM) to describe dislocation motion, and hence microscopic plastic flow in finite Volumes. We develop quantitative measures of the accuracy and convergence of the method by considering a comparison with known analytical solutions. It is shown that the method displays absolute convergence with increasing the number of quadrature points on the dislocation loop and the surface mesh density. The error in the image force on a screw dislocation approaching a free surface is shown to increase as the dislocation approaches the surface, but is nevertheless controllable. For example, at a distance of one lattice parameter from the surface, the relative error is less than 5% for a surface mesh with an element size of 1000 x 2000 (in units of lattice parameter), and 64 quadrature points. The Eshelby twist angle in a finite-length cylinder containing a coaxial screw dislocation is also used to benchmark the method. Finally, large scale 3-D simulation results of single slip behavior in cylindrical microcrystals are presented. Plastic flow characteristics and the stress-strain behavior of cylindrical microcrystals under compression are shown to be in agreement with experimental observations. It is shown that the mean length of dislocations trapped at the surface is the dominant factor in determining the size effects on hardening of single crystals. The influence of surface image fields on the flow stress is finally explored. It is shown that the flow stress is reduced by as much as 20% for small single crystals of size less than 0.15 mu m. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.jmps.2007.11.002
Alternate JournalJ. Mech. Phys. Solids