Reconstruction and evaporation at graphene nanoribbon edges
|Title||Reconstruction and evaporation at graphene nanoribbon edges|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Lee GD, Wang CZ, Yoon E, Hwang NM, Ho KM|
|Journal Title||Physical Review B|
The reconstruction and evaporation at graphene nanoribbon (GNR) edges are investigated by tight-binding molecular-dynamics simulations and ab initio calculations. It is observed that reconstruction through the formation of pentagon-heptagon pairs can take place quickly along the zigzag edge and it is energetically favorable. At very high temperatures, the armchair edge is found to change into a zigzag edge structure, which further accelerates the evaporation of carbon atoms and leads to the formation of carbon linear chains. The evaporation of carbon atoms from both the zigzag and armchair edges is preceded by the formation of heptagon rings, which serve as a gateway for carbon atoms to escape. In the simulation for a GNR armchair-zigzag-armchair junction, carbon atoms are evaporated row by row from the outermost row of the zigzag edge while the armchair edge remains nearly intact. These results can be applied to nanoelectronic devices fabrication through the temperature-controlled edge structure of GNR.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000278142000108|