Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials

TitlePast achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSoukoulis CM, Wegener M
Journal TitleNature Photonics
Volume5
Pages523-530
Date Published09
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number1749-4885
Accession NumberWOS:000294412700009
Keywords2nd-harmonic generation, BULK, composite medium, magnetic, metamaterials, negative-index metamaterials, optical, refractive-index, spherical-particles, split-ring resonators, visible frequencies
Abstract

Photonic metamaterials are man-made structures composed of tailored micro- or nanostructured metallodielectric subwavelength building blocks. This deceptively simple yet powerful concept allows the realization of many new and unusual optical properties, such as magnetism at optical frequencies, negative refractive index, large positive refractive index, zero reflection through impedance matching, perfect absorption, giant circular dichroism and enhanced nonlinear optical properties. Possible applications of metamaterials include ultrahigh-resolution imaging systems, compact polarization optics and cloaking devices. This Review describes recent progress in the fabrication of three-dimensional metamaterial structures and discusses some of the remaining challenges.

DOI10.1038/nphoton.2011.154
Alternate JournalNat. Photonics