Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers

TitleMesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsSlowing II, Vivero-Escoto JL, Wu CW, Lin VSY
Journal TitleAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Date PublishedAug
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number0169-409X
Accession NumberISI:000258313900006
Keywordsbiocompatibility, controlled release, endocytosis, functionalization, gene transfection, intracellular drug delivery, MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN), morphology control, nanoparticle, ORGANIC, responsive controlled-release

In this review, we highlight the recent research developments of a series of surface-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) materials as efficient drug delivery carriers. The synthesis of this type of MSN materials is described along with the current methods for controlling the structural properties and chemical functionalization for biotechnological and biomedical applications. We summarized the advantages of using MSN for several drug delivery applications. The recent investigations of the biocompatibility of MSN in vitro are discussed. We also describe the exciting progress on using MSN to penetrate various cell membranes in animal and plant cells. The novel concept of gatekeeping is introduced and applied to the design of a variety of stimuli-responsive nanodevices. We envision that these MSN-based systems have a great potential for a variety of drug delivery applications, such as the site-specific delivery and intracellular controlled release of drugs, genes, and other therapeutic agents. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Alternate JournalAdv. Drug Deliv. Rev.