Mechanochemical transformations in Li(Na)AlH4-Li(Na)NH2 systems

TitleMechanochemical transformations in Li(Na)AlH4-Li(Na)NH2 systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsDolotko O, Zhang HQ, Ugurlu O, Wiench JW, Pruski M, Chumbley LS, Pecharsky V
Journal TitleActa Materialia
Volume55
Pages3121-3130
Date PublishedMay
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1359-6454
Accession NumberISI:000246653000021
KeywordsAL-27, crystal-structure, DEST, hydrides, hydrogen storage, HYDROGEN-STORAGE MATERIALS, LIALH4, MAS NMR, mechanical milling, nuclear magnetic, RESONANCE, SODIUM ALUMINUM-HYDRIDE, thermal-decomposition, TI-DOPED NAALH4, x-ray diffraction, x-ray-diffraction
Abstract

Mechanochemical transformations of tetrahydroaluminates and amides of lithium and sodium have been investigated using gas volumetric analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and transmission electron microscopy. In a transformation of LiAlH4 and LiNH2, taken in an 1:1 molar ratio, the amount of released hydrogen (6.6 wt.% after 30 mill ball milling) was higher than in any known one pot mechanochemical process involving a hydrogen-containing solid. A total of 4.3 wt.% of hydrogen is released by the NaAlH4-NaNH2 system after 60 min ball milling; and 5.2 wt.% H-2, is released when LiAlH4 and NaNH2 or NaAlH4 and LiNH2 are ball milled for 90 min and 120 min, respectively. All transformations proceed at room temperature. The mechanism of the overall transformation MAlH4(s) + MNH2(s) -> 2MH(s) + AlN(s) + 2H(2)(g) was identified based on detailed spectroscopic analysis of the intermediate (M3AlH6) and final products of the ball milling process. (c) 2007 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.actamat.2007.01.016
Alternate JournalActa Mater.