Magnetic structures and interplay between rare-earth Ce and Fe magnetism in single-crystal CeFeAsO

TitleMagnetic structures and interplay between rare-earth Ce and Fe magnetism in single-crystal CeFeAsO
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZhang Q, Tian W, Li HF, Kim JW, Yan JQ, McCallum RW, Lograsso TA, Zarestky JL, Bud'ko SL, McQueeney RJ, Vaknin D
Journal TitlePhysical Review B
Date Published11
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1098-0121
Accession NumberWOS:000327933500006
Keywordsheat, scattering, spin-reorientation transitions, superconductors, temperature

Neutron and synchrotron resonant x-ray magnetic scattering (RXMS) complemented by heat capacity and resistivity measurements reveal the evolution of the magnetic structures of Fe and Ce sublattices in a CeFeAsO single crystal. The RXMS of magnetic reflections at the Ce L-II edge shows a magnetic transition that is specific to the Ce antiferromagnetic long-range ordering at T-Ce approximate to 4 K with short-range Ce ordering above T-Ce, whereas neutron diffraction measurements of a few magnetic reflections indicate a transition at T* approximate to 12 K with an unusual order parameter. Detailed order-parameter measurements on several magnetic reflections by neutrons show a weak anomaly at 4 K that we associate with the Ce ordering. The successive transitions at T-Ce and T* can also be clearly identified by two anomalies in heat capacity and resistivity measurements. The higher transition temperature at T* approximate to 12 K is mainly ascribed to Fe spin reorientation transition, below which Fe spins rotate uniformly and gradually in the ab plane. The Fe spin reorientation transition and short-range Ce ordering above T-Ce reflect the strong Fe-Ce couplings prior to long-range ordering of the Ce. The evolution of the intricate magnetic structures in CeFeAsO going through T* and T-Ce is proposed.

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