M2Ba2Sn6 (M =Yb, Ca): Metallic zintl phases with a novel tin chain substructure

TitleM2Ba2Sn6 (M =Yb, Ca): Metallic zintl phases with a novel tin chain substructure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsGe MH, Corbett JD
Journal TitleInorganic Chemistry
Date PublishedMay
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0020-1669
Accession NumberISI:000246209800043
KeywordsA=K, ANIONS, cations, CLATHRATE, clusters, crystal-structure, cs, intermetallic compounds, rb, solid-state

The compounds M2Ba2Sn6 (M = Yb, Ca) have been synthesized by solid-state reactions in welded Ta tubes at high temperature. Their structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies to be orthorhombic; space group Cmca (No. 64); Z = 8; a = 15.871(3), 15.912 (3) angstrom; b = 9.387(2), 9.497(2) angstrom; c = 17.212(3), 17.184(3) angstrom; and V = 2564.3(9), 2597.0(9) A(3), respectively. These contain infinite tin chains along constructed from butterflylike 3-bonded Sn tetramers interconnected by pairs of 2-bonded Sn. The chains are further interconnected into corrugated layers by somewhat longer Sn-Sn bonds along . The compounds with the chains alone would be Zintl phases, but the interchain bonding makes them formally one-electron rich per formula unit. The electronic structures calculated by extended HUckel and TB-LMTO-ASA methods indicate that these compounds are metallic but with a deep pseudogap at the Fermi level. States that bind the extra electrons lie just below E-F and involve important Yb(Ca)-Sn contributions. The origin of metallic Zintl phases is briefly discussed.

Alternate JournalInorg. Chem.