Improved Surface Wettability of Polyurethane Films by Ultraviolet Ozone Treatment

TitleImproved Surface Wettability of Polyurethane Films by Ultraviolet Ozone Treatment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKuang P, Lee JH, Kim CH, Ho KM, Constant K
Journal TitleJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Date Published12/05
ISBN Number0021-8995
Accession NumberISI:000282840900061
Keywordsatomic force microscopy, POLYMERS, polyurethanes, surface wettability, uvo treatment, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

The wettability of polyurethane (PU) was altered using ultraviolet ozone (UVO) treatment. The effect of UVO treatment on PU surface chemistry was investigated with various experiments. The direct measurement of sessile drops was employed to quantify the static contact angle of different wetting liquids on homogeneous PU films with various UVO treatment times. The contact angle of DI water droplets was decreased to 17.2 degrees from 70.04 degrees after 5 min UVO treatment. The surface free energy of PU films was 51.46 mN m(-1) before treatment and was increased to 71.5 mN m(-1) after being fully treated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis shows a significant amount of polar functional species (C-0 and C=0 bonding) were formed on the PU surface by UVO treatment. atomic force microscopy (AFM) characterization shows the PU surface morphology was different before and after UVO treatment. The effect of water washing on UVO treated surface was also investigated. An aging effect study indicates the UVO modification can sustain the improved wettability with limited hydrophobic recovery, where the DI water contact angle remains constant at around 22 after the UVO treatment. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 118: 3024-3033, 2010

URL<Go to ISI>://000282840900061
Alternate JournalJ Appl Polym Sci