Equilibrium topology of the intermediate state in type-I superconductors of different shapes
|Title||Equilibrium topology of the intermediate state in type-I superconductors of different shapes|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Journal Title||Physical Review Letters|
|Type of Article||Article|
A high-resolution magneto-optical technique was used to analyze flux patterns in the intermediate state of bulk Pb samples of various shapes-cones, hemispheres, and discs. Combined with the measurements of macroscopic magnetization, these results allowed studying the effect of bulk pinning and geometric barrier on the equilibrium structure of the intermediate state. Zero-bulk pinning discs and slabs show hysteretic behavior due to topological hysteresis-flux tubes on penetration and lamellae on flux exit. (Hemi)spheres and cones do not have a geometric barrier and show no hysteresis with flux tubes dominating the intermediate field region in both regimes. It is concluded that flux tubes represent the equilibrium topology of the intermediate state. Real-time video is available in the EPAPS Document No. E-PRLTAO-98-024726..
|Alternate Journal||Phys. Rev. Lett.|