Enhanced stability and activity of cellulase in an ionic liquid and the effect of pretreatment on cellulose hydrolysis

TitleEnhanced stability and activity of cellulase in an ionic liquid and the effect of pretreatment on cellulose hydrolysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsBose S, Barnes CA, Petrich JW
Journal TitleBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume109
Pages434-443
Date Published02
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0006-3592
Accession NumberWOS:000298020700015
Keywords1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, activity, BIOCATALYSIS, biofuels, cellulose, dissolution, enzymatic-hydrolysis, enzyme stability, enzymes, GLUCOSE, green solvents, ionic liquids, kosmotropicity, lignocellulosic biomass, pretreatment, solvents, VISCOSITY
Abstract

We discuss the hydrolysis of cellulose using a pure cellulase: endo-1,4-beta-D-glucanase (EG) from the fungus, Aspergillus niger, in buffer, the pure ionic liquid (IL), tris-(2-hydroxyethyl)-methylammonium methylsulfate (HEMA), and various mixtures of the two at different temperatures. Steady-state fluorescence and absorbance studies were performed to monitor the stability and activity of EG using cellulose azure as the substrate. EG attains its highest activity at 45 degrees C in buffer and denatures at similar to 55 degrees C. On the other hand, HEMA imparts substantial stability to the enzyme, permitting the activity to peak at 75 degrees C. The relative roles of temperature, viscosity, pH, polarity, and the constituent ions of the ILs on the hydrolysis reaction are examined. It is demonstrated that pretreatment of cellulose with ILs such as BMIM Cl, MIM Cl, and HEMA results in more rapid conversion to glucose than hydrolysis with cellulose that is not pretreated. The percent conversion to glucose from pretreated cellulose is increased when the temperature is increased from 45 to 60 degrees C. Two different ILs are used to increase the efficiency of cellulose conversion to glucose. Cellulose is pretreated with BMIM Cl. Subsequent hydrolysis of the pretreated cellulose in 1020% solutions of HEMA in buffer provides higher yields of glucose at 60 degrees C. Finally, to our knowledge, this is the first study dealing with a pure endoglucanase from commercial A. niger. This enzyme not only shows higher tolerance to ILs, such as HEMA, but also has enhanced thermostability in the presence of the IL. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2012; 109:434443. (c) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000298020700015
DOI10.1002/bit.23352
Alternate JournalBiotechnol. Bioeng.