Composition, structure, bonding and thermoelectric properties of "CuT2P3" and "CuT4P3", members of the T1-x(CuP3)(x) series with T being Si and Ge

TitleComposition, structure, bonding and thermoelectric properties of "CuT2P3" and "CuT4P3", members of the T1-x(CuP3)(x) series with T being Si and Ge
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsWang P, Ahmadpour F, Kolodiazhnyi T, Kracher A, Cranswick LMD, Mozharivskyj Y
Journal TitleDalton Transactions
Volume39
Pages1105-1112
ISBN Number1477-9226
Accession NumberISI:000273518400018
Abstract

Through electron microprobe analysis, X-ray and neutron diffraction, it has been established that "CuT2P3" and "CuT4P3" (T = Si, Ge) adopt the cubic or tetragonally distorted zinc blende structures in which two element mixtures are present on both atomic sites. One site contains the Cu/T mixture while the other site is occupied by T and P. The structure of "CuT2P3" and "CuT4P3" can be derived from that of silicon or germanium, in which the single Si or Ge site is broken into two independent sites by the preferential Cu and P substitution. The phases appear to be members of the extended series with a general formula of T1-x(CuP3)(x). The Cu-P ratio of 1 : 3 provides 4 e(-) per atom and optimizes the atomic interactions. Thermoelectric performance of "CuSi2P3", "CuGe2P3" and "CuGe4P3" was evaluated from low temperatures to 400 K through resistivity, Seebeck coefficient and thermal conductivity measurements. The Ge-containing phases show a metallic-type behaviour and "CuSi2P3" is semiconducting with a narrow band gap. The ZT values are bigger for the Ge-containing phases and reach values of 8.4 x 10(-3) for "CuGe2P3" and 1.0 x 10(-2) for "CuGe4P3" at room temperature.

URL<Go to ISI>://000273518400018
DOIDoi 10.1039/B914555a