Aptamer Functionalized Microcantilever Sensors for Cocaine Detection
|Title||Aptamer Functionalized Microcantilever Sensors for Cocaine Detection|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Kang K, Sachan A, Nilsen-Hamilton M, Shrotriya P|
A cocaine-specific aptamer was used as a receptor molecule in a microcantilever-based surface stress sensor for detection of cocaine molecules. An interferometric technique that relies on measuring differential displacement between two microcantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) was utilized to measure the cocaine/aptamer binding induced surface stress changes. Sensing experiments were performed for different concentrations of cocaine from 25 to 500 mu M in order to determine the sensor response as a function of cocaine concentration. In the lower concentration range from 25 to 100 mu M, surface stress values increased proportionally to coverage of aptamer/cocaine complexes from 11 to 26 mN/m. However, as the cocaine concentration was increased beyond 100 mu M, the surface stress values demonstrated a weaker dependence on the affinity complex surface coverage. On the basis of a sensitivity of 3 mN/m for the surface stress measurement, the lowest detectable threshold for the cocaine concentration is estimated to be 5 mu M. Sensing cantilevers could be regenerated and reused because of reversible thermal denaturation of aptamer.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://WOS:000297427500092|